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What You Should Know about Rat and their Infestation in Your Home

Rats are intelligent creatures and very friendly when tame and these features rather can make them as cute pets. Domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, and so it is a good choice if your child is looking for a new pet. On the other hand, wild rats are definitely not cute and their infestation is never a good thing. When you sense and show signs that the rats and their families are starting to occupy your outbuildings, garage, attic or basement, then you should already be concern.

There are two main types of rats and these are the black and brown rats, although they come in different sub-species. The rats that came from Asia were small, however, their relatives are much larger and these are what you see in your own cities and towns.

Just like humans, rats migrated around the world following soldiers and traders along trade routes between Asia and Europe. Rats were everywhere, hitching rides on ships, sailing between continents, and eventually you see them everywhere after a few centuries.

Where there are more food, the more you will see these rats, because just like pests, they are nature’s scavengers. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Small animals can also be attacked by rats if they cannot find any other food.

For over centuries, rats were portrayed in some ill ways and the main reason was that they help spread disease. The disease called the black death and later termed as the bubonic plague, were said to be transmitted by rats infested with fleas, and because of this, 25 million people died in the Middle Ages.

An outbreak of this disease can be avoided in our modern days because we have more understanding of the process of the disease. But, with rats still around, the spreading of disease is still possible, and thus we need to deal the situation as quickly as possible to prevent infestation.

One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
If you consume food or water which are contaminated by rats, you could get the disease called salmonella. Another serious disease is called hantavirus which people can get by being exposed to rat droppings or rat urine, and also, it can be transmitted by a rat bite. Very common also in the rat population is e-coli, and rats are also infected with this disease leading humans to be contaminated too from food and water that are contaminated.